Most Common Commercial and Industrial Construction Phases

Every commercial and industrial construction project is different, but the phases and processes that happen to complete the project are nearly identical. Knowing the work phases a construction company follows on a project can be helpful to understand everything that is going on and to see where the project stands. The following phases are the most common used by construction companies for commercial and industrial projects.

Concept and Design

All construction projects start with a planning and design phase. There are a ton of overlapping steps that happen in this phase, before the actual construction of the project.

In this phase the overall design, specifications, materials and other architectural features are all determined. This includes making decisions for project aspects including, structural, mechanical, electrical, lighting and plumbing design of the commercial or industrial building. There will be several meetings during this phase between architects, engineers to figure out the best way to construct the building for the client. Plans are then prepared for the project to show the relationship between spaces and activities. All of the parties will review the plans and make changes if necessary before moving on the next construction phase.

Contracts and Documents

In this phase the builder must provide potential bidders with working drawings and plans for the proposed building, as well as any specifications. All projects, whether they involve new construction or expansion of an existing building, require contract documents. The contract working drawings provide a representation of the work that will need to be done. The drawings show the overall appearance, layout, equipment and amenities of the project. All of this information is key to supply to project bidders so they can understand the entire scope of the project and see where they would fit into the contract and plans for the construction project.


Here a variety of contractors will review the projects documents and specifications to estimate the cost of their material and labor costs to provide the project manager with a detailed bid. Once the project financials have been figured out the project manager will then take into account all bids and proposals submitted by companies and figure out what the best route for the project is. They will award the contract to the contractor they believe fits well with the construction project and meets necessary financial details.


This phase is the actual construction of the building, which can also be called the fieldwork. This phase can be broken down even more into the following categories, building permits, scheduling and subcontractors. Before the actual construction can begin, the proper building permits must be received. This phase also includes dealing with all the subcontractors that will be working on the building and completing the project. And the final part of the construction phase is scheduling, which could be one of the largest things to deal with as everything must happen in a certain order and be done on time in order for other construction to be done. The project manager will be busiest at this stage as there are a lot of different things going on at once, however your project manager will know best about this phase.


This is the last phase of the commercial construction phase. The construction of the building will come to an end in this phase and the client will be presented with the outcome. Upon completion of the construction, payments will also need to be dealt with. All subcontractors and supplies will need to be paid for and invoices wrapped up.

If you are looking for a project manager or construction company to help you with a commercial or industrial project, we can help. Contact us to learn more about our services!

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